# Super Safi’s Monday Morning Math Mayhem 28 – Factorials

Morning Mathematical Monsters & Maniacs!

(Today’s post is sponsored by the letter “M”)

Hi, I’m Super Safi and you may remember me from such stats and strategy posts as Kwik-E-Mart Farming and the advanced losing-to-win Superheroes battle strategy.

Over the past 600+ episodes, The Simpsons has taken us on an amazing mathematical journey involving fractions, probability, Fermat’s last theorem, and hundreds of other aspects from the wonderful world off mathematics.

And what better way to start your week, then by discussing math Monday morning?

In honour of last nights The Simpsons episode, we take a look at one of my favourite aspects of mathematics, factorials.

In last nights Livin’ La Pura Vida (Season 31, Episode 07), The Simpsons join other Springfield families on the Van Houten’s annual trip to Costa Rica. We see them all gather at Springfield airport at gate 24.

So let’s look at one of the properties of the number 24.

Factorials

Factorials are the products of all positive integers less than or equal to the number for which we are calculating the factorial. Factorials are denoted by the notation n!, where n is the number for which we are calculation the factorial.

n!   =   n   x   (n-1)   x   (n-2)   x   …   x   2   x   1

The first few factorials are:

1!   =   1

2!   =   2   x   1   =   2

3!   =   3   x   2   x   1   =   6

4!   =   4   x   3   x   2   x   1   =   24

5!   =   5   x   4   x   3   x   2   x   1   =   120

6!   =   6   x   5   x   4   x   3   x   2   x   1   =   720

While factorials were used by Indian mathematicians dating back to the 12th century, it was French mathematician Christian Kramp who first used the notation n! in 1808 in his work Elements d’arithmétique universelle.

Not only is 4! equal to 24, which represents the gate the Simpsons boarded at for Costa Rica. But also 3! is equal to 6 which is the number of salt and pepper shakers Kirk has in his suitcase under his bed. And of course 2! is the number of people Marge wanted in her 1! Instagram photo at the falls.

And using an application of factorials, we can conclude that there were 5!, or 120, ways of arranging the 5 Simpsons family members sleeping in their hotel room.

Now that we’ve completed a look at factorials, why not show your love for math and factorials with your own Math Mayhem shirt or hoodie.

If you love math or enjoy reading these posts, don’t forget to stop by the Addicts Shop and check out all the paraphernalia, including the Math Mayhem shirts and hoodies.

Were you familiar with factorials? Can you figure out the next few factorials? Did you catch the episode last night? Have you been to Costa Rica? If so, which gate number did you board at? Sound off in the comments below. You know we love hearing from you.

### 5 responses to “Super Safi’s Monday Morning Math Mayhem 28 – Factorials”

1. NicoRox13

27.83% of all statistics are made up on the spot.

• Tracy-1ltwoody920

Lies
Damn Lies
Statistics

Mark Twain

2. Thanks a lot Safi! You could also add that, by convention, 0! equals 1 😁

• But I had no Simpsons references for 0! from last nights episode. 😉

• Actually, it’s the number of family members which grow old 😄